When asked why he had become a Catholic, John Henry Newman is said to have remarked, perhaps with just a touch of impatience, that it is not the kind of question one can answer adequately between the soup and the fish courses. When his interlocutors persisted, as I recall, he responded by suggesting, probably no less impatiently, that the record of Church history is sufficient for any sufficiently persistent inquirer to find his own way to the truth.
That record is read only selectively where certain basic historical, ecclesiological, and theological facts are passed over, as they often are by our eastern brethren. For anyone interested in taking a full account of the facts that Rome sees as indispensable in the historical dispute concerning the Eastern Schism, here are some resources that will serve well:
A. Websites and online articles
- The Eastern Schim (The Catholic Encyclopedia)
- Eastern Orthodoxy (Catholic Answers)
- James Likoudis' Page (Extensive essays and articles: scroll down for links)
- Fides, Cogitatio, Actio (A recenly posted discussion by Eliot Bougis)
- Allnatt, Charles F. B. Cathedra Petri: The Titles and Prerogatives of St. Peter, and of his See and Successors, as Described by the Early Fathers, Ecclesiastical Writers, and Councils of the Church. London: Burns & Oates, 1883. (check for used copies)
- Aquilina, Michael J. The Fathers of the Church: An Introduction to the First Christian Fathers. Huntington, IN: Our Sunday Visitor, 1999.
- Balthasar, Hans Urs von. Office of Peter and the Structure of the Church. San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 1986.
- Butler, Basil Christopher. The Church and Infallibility: A Reply to the Abridged "Salmon." London: Sheed & Ward, 1954.
- Butler, Scott, et al. Jesus, Peter & the Keys: A Scriptural Handbook on the . Santa Barbara, CA: Queenship Publishing Company, 1997.
- Chaptman, Dom John. Studies on the Early Papacy. 1928; rpt. Port Washington, KY: Kennikat Press, 1971.
- Dvornik, Francis. The Photian Schism: History and Legend. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1948; rpt. 1970. [Read with caution due to conciliarist bias.]
- Dvornik, Francis. Byzantium and the Roman Primacy. New York: Fordham University Press, 1966; rpt. 1979. [Read with caution due to conciliarist bias.]
- Farmer, William R. and Roch Kereszty. Peter and Paul in the Church of Rome: The Ecumenical Potential of a Forgotten Perspective . New York: Paulist Press, 1990.
- Fortescue, Adrian. The Uniate Eastern Churches. 1923; rpt. New York, Ungar, 1957; rpt. Gorgias Press, 2001.
- Fortescue, Adrian. The Orthodox Eastern Church. 1907; rpt. New York: B. Franklin, 1969 -- used copies available.
- Fortescue, Adrian. The Early Papacy to the Synod of Chalcedon in 451. 1920; rpt. 1997 by The Saint Austin Press, P.O. Box 610, Southampton, SO14 0YY, UK.
- Giles, Edward. Documents Illustrating Papal Authority, Ad 96-454. London: S.P.C.K., 1952; rpt., Westport, CT: Hyperion Press, 1979.
- Jaki, Stanley L. And on this Rock: The Witness of One Land and Two Covenants. Notre Dame, IN: Ave Maria Press, 1978; 2nd ed., Manassas, VA: Trinity Communications, 1987.
- Jaki, Stanley L. The Keys of the Kingdom: A Tool's Witness to Truth. Chicago: Franciscan Herald Press, 1986.
- Jugie, Martin. The Roman Primacy in the East at the time of St. Leo the Great . 1949.
- Jurgens, William A. Faith of the Early Fathers. 3 volumes. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1970-1979.
- Likoudis, James. The Divine Primacy of the Bishop of Rome and Modern Eastern Orthodoxy: Letters to a Greek Orthodox on the Unity of the Church. New Hope, KY: St. Martin de Porres Lay Dominican Community, 2002.
- Likoudis, James. Ending the Byzantine Greek Schism: Containing: the 14th c. Apologia of Demetrios Kydones for Unity With Rome & the 'Contra Errores Graecorum' of St. Thomas Aquinas. New Rochelle, NY: Catholics United for the Faith, and Benedictus Books, 1992.
- Miller, J. Michael. The Shepherd and the Rock: Origins, Development, and Mission of the Papacy. Huntington, IN: Our Sunday Visitor, 1995.
- Nichols, Aidan. Rome and the Eastern Churches: A Study in Schism. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1992.
- Ray, Stephen K. Upon This Rock: St. Peter and the Primacy of Rome in Scripture and the Early Church. San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 1999.
- Ripley, Francis J. The Pope and the Church. London: Catechetical Guild, Educational Society, 1956.
- Satge, John de. Peter and the Single Church. London: Seabury Press, 1981.
Shotwell, James T. and Louise Ropes Loomis, The See of Peter. New York: Columbia University Press, 1991.
- Soloviev, Vladimir. The Russian Church and the Papacy. Edited by Ray Ryland. San Diego: Catholic Answers, 2002.
- Whitehead, Kenneth D. One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic: The Early Church Was the Catholic Church. San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 2000.
- Winter, Michael M. Saint Peter and the Popes. Baltimore: Helicon Press, 1960; rpt. N.p.: Greenwood Press, 1979.
C. Available offline (through direct mail order or library loan)
- Allies, Thomas W. St. Peter, His Name and His Office. 1852; London: Catholic Truth Society, 1895. [a condensation of Passaglia's Commentarius by the most intellectually prominent among the converts Cardinal Newman assisted in bringing into the Catholic Church] .
- Grumel, Venance. "La Lettre du pape Etienne V a l'empereur Basile Ier," RevEtByz 11 (1953), 129-155.
- Grumel, Venance. "New Light on the Photian Schism," Unitas 5 (1953), 140-148.
- Jaki, Stanley L. Eastern Orthodoxy's Witness to Papal Primacy. 2004. Real View Books, 1436 Devonshire Lane, Port Huron, MI: 48060.
- Jugie, Martin. Le schisme byzantin, apercu historique et doctrinal. Paris: P. Lethielleux, 1941.
- Jugie, Martin. Theologia dogmatica christianorum orientalium ab Ecclesia catholica dissidentium. 5 volumes. Paris: Letouzey et Ane, 1926-1935.
- Lindsay, Colin. The Evidence for the Papacy: As Derived from the Holy Scriptures and from Primitive Antiquity. London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1870.
- Passaglia, Carlo. Commentarius de praerogativis beati Petri apostolorum principis. Ratisbonae: Manz, 1850.
- Rivington, Luke. The Primitive Church and the See of Peter, with an Introduction by the Cardinal Archbishop of Westminster. London: Longmans, Green, 1894.
- Scott, Sidney Herbert. The Eastern Churches and the Papacy. London: Sheed & Ward, 1928.
- Waterworth, James. A Commentary, by Writers of the First Five Centuries on the Place of St. Peter in the New Testament; and that of St. Peter's Successors in the Church. London: Richardson, 1871.